Healthy Butterflies: Diseases & Prevention



Sterilization and Disease Control (PDF)
Amanda's List: Starter Set for DIY Slides
Prevention and Management of Diseases of Insects
Chip's Tips

Using Meconia to Detect Infections

Nuclear Polyhedrosis
Monarch Disease Control
Nosema
What is OE?

What do infected Monarchs look like?
Predation : Ophryocystis elektroscirrha
Insect Viruses
Sterilization for disease prevention
Insect Pathology Services at Mississippi State University
Principles & Procedures for Rearing Quality Insects (MSU Workshop)
Raising Healthy Butterflies
IBBA 2005/6 Convention Presentation CD and 4 DVD set

Amanda's List: Starter Set for DIY Slides

This PDF document is an August 2006 quotation from Fisher Scientific, for items suggested by Amanda Lawrence as a starter kit for DIY slides. Amanda's own photographs of wet slides of nosema and O.e. can be seen in the document Prevention and Management of Diseases of Insects elsewhere on this page

PDF file: click to download > Click to download

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Prevention and Management of Diseases of Insects

This paper, by Dr. Frank Davis and his research assistant Amanda Lawrence, teaches us how to start up a colony with disease-free livestock and how to recognize and prevent disease in our rearing operations. The photographs of wet slides of Nosema and O.e. were supplied by Amanda Lawrence. Livestock samples for the wet slide photos were donated by butterfly farmers for this project.

Click HERE to view the document as a web page; or

click here >Click to download < to download the
original document in MS Word format
(1.8 Mb file)



Chip's Tips

Advice from Dr. Orley Taylor of Monarch Watch, on O.e. and Nosema control.

Click HERE.


Using Meconia to Detect Infections

This paper describes "methods to use meconia for making smears to determine microbial infections in butterflies". The paper is highly recommended by IBBA Advisor Dr. Frank Davis.

PDF file: click to download > Click to download

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Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus

A basic, layman's description of the NPV is provided, with microbiologist Amanda Lawrence's review and a slide of NPV provided by her.

Click HERE.

Monarch Disease Control

This former Ask a Mentor paper by Jacob Groth has been include here as a useful guide to raising healthy butterflies.

Click HERE for more.

Nosema

Nosema disease is caused by a single-celled protozoan parasite. Nosema species are intra-cellular parasites (microsporidians) of specific animals including butterflies.

Click HERE for more.

What is OE?

Reproduced with permission from the Monarch Butterfly Parasites Webpage, University of Georgia

Click HERE.

What do infected Monarchs look like?

Reproduced with permission from the Monarch Butterfly Parasites Webpage, University of Georgia

Click HERE.

Predation : Ophryocystis elektroscirrha

Article reproduced from Monarch Watch website, with permission.

Click HERE.

Insect Viruses

Information reproduced from Cornell University website, with permission.

Click HERE.

Sterilization for disease prevention

Information about sterilization methods and practices that result in clean livestock being released to the environment.

Click HERE.

Insect Pathology Services at Mississippi State University

Dr. Frank Davis' staff at Mississippi State University offer an insect pathology service that will identify disease organisms and microbes. 

Click HERE for details.

Insect Rearing Workshops at Mississippi State University:
"Principles & Procedures for Rearing Quality Insects"

The next Insect Rearing Workshop will be held 1-6 October 2006. It will begin on Sunday afternoon and continue through noon on Friday. The program will consist of a series of lectures delivered by expert instructors.

Click HERE for details.

Disease Detection and Management
Detection and Management of Microsporidia and Ophryocystis elecktroscirrha (OE) in Insect Rearing Laboratories

By Frank M. Davis and Amanda M. Lawrence
Dept. of Entomology and Plant Pathology at Mississippi State University

When insects are reared in the laboratory, special care must be taken to detect and prevent diseases caused by microbes using a multitactic approach. Click HERE for a PDF presentation.

Raising Healthy Butterflies
Reproduced with permission, from The Commercial Butterfly Breeders Manual, © Nigel Venters & Linda Rogers.

Click HERE.


International Butterfly Breeders Association, Inc.




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